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Document Retention

Recommendations on Keeping Documents

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Sterck Kulik O'Neill's recommendations on document retention are listed in the tables below.

Different types of records need to be retained for different time periods.  The time documents should be kept depends on appropriate laws, IRS and governmental regulations, and third-party requirements.

These recommendations on Document Retention are general guidelines.  They are NOT advice for any specific circumstance!  Please contact us for professional advice.

We also link to additional resources.  We are not responsible for the recommendations or information provided by these third parties.

There is no retention limit for documents when fraudulent activity has occurred.

General Financial Records

Type of Record Retention
Period
(Years)
Auditors' reports Permanent
Bank debt deduction 7
Bank deposit slips, reconciliations, statements 4
Bills of lading 4
Budgets 2
Checks - cancelled 4
Contracts - purchase and sales 4*
Credit memos 4
Depreciation records 4*
Employee expense reports 4
Employee payroll records (W-2, W-4, annual earnings records, etc.) 6*
Financial statements -- annual Permanent
Financial statements -- interim 4
Freight bills 4
Internal reports (Work orders, sales reports, production reports) 4
Inventory lists 4
Invoices - Sales and cash register receipts, merchandise purchases 4
Invoices -- purchases (permanent assets) 4*
General ledger Permanent
Journals  

General, cash receipts, cash disbursement, and purchase journals.

Permanent

Payroll journal

4
Petty cash vouchers 4
Subsidiary ledgers (accounts receivable, accounts payable, etc.) 6
Time cards and daily time reports 4
Worthless securities 7

* Retention periods begin after termination, expiration, disposal, etc. of item.

Business Records

Type of Record Retention Period (Years)
Articles of incorporation Permanent
Bylaws Permanent
Capital stock and bond records Permanent
Contracts and agreements (government construction, partnership, employment, labor, etc.) Permanent
Copyrights and trademark registration Permanent
Legal correspondence Permanent
Minutes Permanent
Mortgages and note agreements 6*
Patents Permanent
Personnel files 4*

* Retention periods begin after termination, expiration, disposal, etc. of item.

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Insurance Records

Type of Record Retention Period (Years)
Accident reports 6
Fire inspection reports 6
Group disability records 6
Insurance policies 6 *
Safety records 6
Settled insurance claims 4 *
* Retention periods begin after termination, expiration, disposal, etc. of item.
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Pension/Profit Sharing Records

Type of Record Retention Period (Years)
Actuarial reports Permanent
Associated ledgers and journals Permanent
Financial statements Permanent
IRS approval letter Permanent
Plan and trust agreement Permanent
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 Tax Records

There is no limit for returns that are filed fraudulently or that substantially underreport income.

Type of Record Retention Period (Years)
Tax returns and cancelled checks
(federal, state and local)
Permanent
Sales and use tax returns Permanent
Payroll tax returns 4
Pension/profit-sharing informational returns Permanent

All retention periods begin with the date the return was filed. If the statute of limitations concerning a tax year is extended, the retention period should be extended accordingly.

IRS Information

Additional information on records you should keep and the Federal  government's requirements for retention are on line at the Internal Revenue Service's site.

 

The links below are to IRS publications which are in Acrobat (pdf) format.

Record Keeping for Individuals

Record Keeping for Businesses
   
Most computers already have the Acrobat Reader installed. If yours does not yet, please download the free reader now. If the publications do not appear when you click on the link, you can download the free Adobe Acrobat Reader here.
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Additional Resources

If the guidelines you're looking for are not on this page or if you want more information, try searching for books on Document Retention and Record Retention at Amazon.com or at your own favorite bookseller.

More information on document retention is available on the Internet at the sites listed on this search result page.

 

 
These recommendations on Document Retention are general guidelines.  They are NOT advice for any specific circumstance!  Please contact us for professional advice.

We also link to additional resources.  We are not responsible for the recommendations or information provided by these third parties.

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